ALFONSO XIII - BABY HEAD stamps of the PHILIPPINES

References

References and Bibliography

Much research and study of the baby head issues relies on past accounts and catalogues which record and describe the issues of that time. The available literature can be divided broadly into two groups, those published in the Spanish language and those in the English language.

Description of Sources

Scott Catalogues

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 55th edition, 1895, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd, New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 58th edition, 1898, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd, New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 59th edition, 1900, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd (1899), New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 62nd edition, 1903, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd (1902), New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 64th edition, 1905, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd (1904), New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 67th edition, 1908, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd (1907), New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 73rd edition, 1915, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd (1914), New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 77th edition, 1920, Scott Stamp and Coin Company Ltd, New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 96th edition, 1940, Scott Publications Inc (1939), New York.

Scott’s Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 116th edition, 1960, Scott Publications Inc (1959), New York.

Scott 1980 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 136th edition (in 4 volumes), Scott Publishing Company (1979), Sidney OH.

Scott 1990 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 146th edition (in 4 volumes), Scott Publishing Company (1989), Sidney OH.

Scott 2000 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 156th edition (in 6 volumes), Scott Publishing Company (1999), Sidney OH.

Scott 2010 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 166th edition (in 6 volumes), Scott Publishing Company (2009), Sidney OH.

Scott 2015 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 171st edition (in 6 volumes), Scott Publishing Company (2014), Sidney OH.

Edifil Catalogues

Edifil, 1964. ‘Catalogo Edifil de los Sellos de España y Colonias’ 1st edition, Madrid

Catalogo Unificado y Especializado de España y Dependencias Postales 1966, Edifil S.A., Madrid.

Catalogo Edifil Unificado Espana y Dependencias Postales 1982, Edifil S.A., Madrid.

Catalogo Edifil Unificado Especializado Sellos De Espana, Tomo IV Dependencias Postales 2002, Edifil S.A., Madrid.

Catalogo Edifil Unificado Espana y Dependencias Postales 2012, Edifil S.A., Madrid.

Stanley Gibbons Catalogues

Stanley Gibbons Priced Catalogue of Stamps of Foreign Countries, Part II Foregin Countries 17th edition 1905 Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Priced Catalogue of Stamps of Foreign Countries, Part II Foregin Countries 17th edition 1911 Stanley Gibbons Incorporated, New York, USA.

Stanley Gibbons Priced Catalogue of Stamps of Foreign Countries, Part II Foregin Countries 25th edition 1915 Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Priced Catalogue of Stamps of Foreign Countries, Part II Foregin Countries 34th edition 1930 Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Priced Catalogue of Stamps of Foreign Countries, Part II Foregin Countries, Europe and Colonies 50th edition 1955 Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Overseas 4 Stamp Catalogue, P-Z, 1st edition 1975 Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, Part 9 Portugal & Spain 1st edition 1980, Stanley Gibbons Publications Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, Part 9 Portugal & Spain 2nd edition 1984, Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London.

Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, Part 21 South East Asia 4th edition 2004, Stanley Gibbons Ltd, Ringwood Hants.

Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, Part 21 South East Asia 5th edition 2012, Stanley Gibbons Ltd, Ringwood Hants.

Other Catalogues (Spanish)

Anon. 1902. ‘Catálogo de Sellos de España y Colonias’, 1st edition publ. Guipuzcoa.

Anon. 1914. ‘Catálogo de Sellos de España y Colonias’, 5th edition publ. Guipuzcoa.

Ceballos G, 1902. ‘Catálogo Regulador Ilustrado de Compra y Venta de los Sellos de Correos, Telégrafos y Fiscales de España y Colonias’, 1st edition, publ. Madrid.

Ceballos G, 1903. ‘Catálogo Regulador Ilustrado de Compra y Venta de los Sellos de Correos, Telégrafos y Fiscales de España y Colonias’, 2nd edition, publ. Madrid.

Cotter B & Quinto F, 1897. ‘Catalogo Descriptivo de Sellos de Correos Telegrafos y Tarjetas Postales de las Islas Filipinas’, publ. Manila.

Galvez M, 1898. ’Catalogo Galvez, Sellos de Correos y Telegrafos, Primera Edicion’, (1st edition of Universal Catalogue), publ. Madrid.

Galvez M, 1921.  ‘Galvez: Catalogo Especial’, 1st edition, publ. Madrid. 

Galvez M, 1923.  ‘Galvez: Catalogo Especial’, 2nd edition publ. Madrid. 

Galvez M, 1932. ’1933 Catalogo Normal de los Sellos de Correos y Telegrafos de Espana Colonias y Ex Colonias’, publ. Madrid.

Galvez M, 1942. ‘1943-1944 Catalogo Especial de los Sellos de Correos y Telegrafos de Espana Colonias y Ex Colonias’, publ. Madrid.

Graus Fontova F, 1983. ‘Manual de Consulta de Falsos de Espana’. Series IX, Barcelona, Spain.

Harris L, 1898. ‘Catálogo General de los Sellos de Espana y sus Colonias usados en Correos y Telégrafos des de 1850 a 1898’, publ. L Harris and Company, Madrid.

Laguna F, 1900. ‘Catálogo General de los Sellos de España y sus Colonias usados en Correos y Telégrafos’, publ. Madrid

Lopez L, 1890. ‘Catalogo Descriptivo del los Sellos de Correos de Espana y sus Colonias’ (organised in accordance with the Historical-Descriptive Report and published by Royal Decree and under the direction of Antonio Fernandez Duro) 2nd edition, publ. Madrid.

Madrid Philatelic Circle, 1902. ‘Catálogo de los Sellos de España, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Filipinas y Fernando Poo’, publ. Madrid.

Mencarini J, 1896. ‘Catálogo Descriptivo de los Sellos y Tarjetas Postales de las Islas Filipinas’, publ. Manila.

Minondo J, 1902. ‘Catálogo de los Sellos de España 1850 a 1901’ publ. San Sebastian (also editions of 1903 and 1905).

Minondo J, 1906. ‘Catalogue de Timbres-Poste et Télégraphe de Espagne et Colonies de la Société Philatelique Internationale de San Sebastian’, publ. San Sebastian (in French with Spanish preface)

Minondo J, 1911. ‘Catalogue de Timbres-Poste et Télégraphe de Espagne et Colonies’, publ. San Sebastian (in French with Spanish preface)

Vives A, 1897. ‘Catálogo de los Sellos de Correos y Telégrafos de España y Colonias’, publ. Madrid.

Other Catalogues (English)

Bartels J, Foster F and Palmer F, 1904. ‘Postage Stamps of the Philippines’. Boston.

Hanciau L, 1905. “The Postal Issues of the Spanish Colony of the Philippines”. Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal (December 30, 1905). London.

Harradine, P, 1987. “Philippine Postage Stamp Handbook, 1854—1982”. Jefferson, NC and London.

Higgins and Gage, 1982 “World Postal Stationery Catalog” Classic Philatelics

Littrel, R (ed.) 2010. “Postal Cards of Spanish Colonial Cuba, Philippines and Puerto Rico”. United Postal Stationery Society, Inc.

London Philatelic Society. 1879. Catalogue of Postage Stamps, Stamped Envelopes, and Postcards of Spain and Colonies. London. pp 43 - 47.

Mekeel, 1895. Mekeel’s Complete Standard Catalogue of the Postage Stamps of the World. C.H. Mekeel Stamp and Publishing Company, St Louis, MO USA.

Palmer F, 1912. “The Postal Issues of the Philippines”, New York”.

Other Catalogues (French)

Yvert et Tellier, 1897. ‘Catalogue prix-courant de timbres-poste’, 1st edition publ. Amiens.

Yvert et Tellier-Champion, 1922. ‘Catalogue prix-courant de timbres-poste’, 26th edition, publ. Amiens.

Yvert et Tellier, 2005. ‘Catalogue Mondial de cotation, Classiques du monde, 1840-1940’, publ. Amiens.

Yvert et Tellier, 2009. ‘Catalogue de cotation des Timbres d’Outre-Mer de O à S’, publ. Amiens.

Yvert et Tellier, 2015. ‘Catalogue Mondial cotation, Timbres d’Asie Extreme-Orient’, publ. Amiens. 

Other Catalogues (German)

Friederich R, 1894. ‘Die Postwertzeichen Spaniens und seniner Kolonien’, publ. Berlin.

Michel Übersee-Katalog, Südostasien 40th edition 2015, Volume 8.2, Schwaneberger, Germany (2014) 

Journal Articles

Anon, 1998. Reader’s Questions - Souvenir of the Peace Jubilee / Washington D.C. May 23, 24, 25, 1899 Cancellation on 2-4/8c Baby Head Issue. IPPS Newsletter, vol 18

Anon, 1892. New Issues and unchronicled varieties. London Philatelist vol 1 no 8, p224.

Anon, 1894. New Issues. London Philatelist vol 3 no 27, p77.

Anon, 1894. New Issues. London Philatelist vol 3 no 36, p302.

Anon, 1897. New Issues. London Philatelist vol 6 no 67 (July), p225.

Anon, 1897. New Issues. London Philatelist vol 6 no 70, p300.

Anon, 1897. New Issues. London Philatelist vol 6 no 71, p332.

Agustin, S. 1991.  Printing Inks King Alfonso XII and XIII stamps. International Philippine Philatelic Society Newsletter Newsletter, 2nd Quarter

Agustin, S. 1992.  Correspondence on 1/8c Newspaper Stamp with ‘Correos’ Heading on Sheet. International Philippine Philatelic Society Newsletter, vol 12 no. 1, p 5.

Agustin, S., Peterson, D. & Brett, GW. 1993. Plate flaw on 6c brown-violet babyhead issue of 1892. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 15 no.3, pp 1-4.

Alvarado, L. 1977. The Alfonso XIII Issues for Puerto Rico. Puripex '77 Souvenir Book. Sociedad Filatelica de Puerto Rico, September 2 - 5, pp 221-230.

Castro, K., Abalos, B., Martinez-Arkarazo, I., Etxebarria N. & Madariaga, JM. 2008. Scientific examination of classic Spanish stamps with colour error, a non-invaisve micro-Raman and micro-XRF approach: The King Alfons XIII (1889-1901 “Pelon”) 15 cent definitive issue. Journal of Cultural Heritage vol 9, pp 189-195.

Encarnation, E. 2011. Philippine Telegraphs, Spanish Colonial Period 1864-1896. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 33 no. 1, pp 28-30.

Griffin, R. 2004. Phun with the Philippines – Phabulous Phind. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol. 26 no. 1, pp 5-11.

Gooding, N. 2017. Agencia Editorial Manuel Arias Y Rodriguez. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol. 38 no. 1, pp 41-46.

Harlan, E. 2000. Reader’s Questions - Souvenir of the Peace Jubilee / Washington D.C. May 23, 24, 25, 1899 Cancellation on 2-4/8c Baby Head Issue. IPPS Newsletter, vol 20 no. 1, p 9.

Harradine, P. 1975. The Tapling Collection. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal, vol 1 no.2 pp 19 - 27

Harradine, P.  The 'Baby Face Issues' of Alfonso XIII. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal, vol 2 no. 3 p 5.

Harradine, P. 1979. Spanish 'Officials' Used in the Philippines? Philippine Philatelic Society Journal, vol. 4 no. 3, pp 11-15.

Palmer, M. 2013. Distinguishing Flaws in the 1892, King Alfonso XIII, 6c brown violet (Scott #157) stamp. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 35 no. 1, pp 5-14.

Palmer, M. 2013. King Alfonso XIII, the 1892 to 1894 issues of cliché Type II: 2c claret (Scott #144), 2c violet (#145) and 2c dark brown (#146). Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 35 no. 3, pp 16-20.

Palmer, M. 2014. King Alfonso XIII, Scratches on the 2 4/8 c dull blue (Scott #149), and 2 4/8 c olive grey #150). Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 36 no. 1, pp 28-30.

Palmer, M. 2015. Cliché types in the Babyhead Issues. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 37 no. 1, pp 32-34.

Palmer, M. 2015. Blind Perforations Babyhead Issues. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 37 no. 4, pp 5-7.

Palmer, M. 2017. In Search of the 1891 10c Pale Claret. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 39 no. 4, pp 22-24.

Peterson, D. 1983. Identification of the 1894 and 1896 Grey-Brown 2-centavos Philippine Issue. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal. vol 7 no. 2, pp 11-14.

Peterson, D. 1984. The Two Designs of the 1890 - 1897 Philippine 'Babyhead' Issue. The Collector's Club Philatelist, vol 63 no. 1, pp 17-20.

Peterson, D. 1985. Rare Diagonal Gum Found on 1890 Newspaper Issue. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal, vol 8 no. 2, p 13.

Peterson, D. 1985. Gums of the 1890 - 1897 Philippines Issue and Comments Regarding the Listings in the Scott Catalogue. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal, vol 8 no. 3, pp 9-12.

Peterson, D. 1986. Scott numbers 184 and 186 ... Two Surcharged Issues that Aren't What They Seem. Philippine Philatelic Society, vol 9 no. 3 & 4, pp 11-13.

Peterson, D. 1988. Four-In-One: The 5c Green Issue of 1892. Philippine Philatelic News, vol 10 no. 1, pp2-4.

Peterson, D. 1988. Specimens of the Spanish Philippines. Philippine Philatelic News, vol 10 no. 2, pp 1-8.

Peterson, D. 1988. Registration Handstamps of the Spanish Philippines, Part 1. Philippine Philippine Philatelic News, vol 10 no. 4, pp 19-20

Peterson, D. 1989. Registration Handstamps of the Spanish Philippines, Part 2. Philippine Philippine Philatelic News, vol 11 no. 1, pp 7-9

Peterson, D. 1989. Reprints of the 1897 Surcharged Issue. Philippine Philatelic News, vol 11 no. 2, pp 1-4.

Peterson, D. 1989. Major Errors of the Spanish Philippine 1890-1897 Issue. Philippine Philatelic News, vol 11 no. 4, pp 4-10.

Peterson, D. 1990. Specimens of the Spanish Philippines – Update. Philippine Philatelic News, vol 12 no. 4, pp 6-9.

Peterson, D. 1991. Essays, Proofs and Imperforates - Point of Clarification. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal. vol 13, no. 1, pp 3-4.

Peterson, D. 1993. New Spanish Philippine 'Muestra' Variety Discovered, Up-dated List of Genuine 'Muestra' Types, and Descriptions of Known 'Muestra' Forgeries. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 15 no 4, pp 1-7.

Peterson, D. 1995. Eleventh Major Error Reported of the Spanish Philippine 1890-1897 Issue. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 17 no. 4, pp 16-17.

Peterson, D. 1996. Updated Description of Spanish Philippine ‘CERTIFICADO’ Handstamp Types’. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 18 no. 1, pp 14-19.

Peterson, D. 1997. Twelfth Major Error Reported of the Spanish Philippine 1890-1897 Issue: Scratched Plate Flaw on Three Scott #150 Positions. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 19 no. 4, pp 18-19.

Peterson, D. 1998. The First Month of Issue of the 1897 Surcharged Stamps. Philippine Philatelic News, vol 10 no. 1, pp1-2.

Peterson, D. 1998. The Two Designs of the 1890-1897 Philippine “Babyhead” Issue. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 20 no. 1, pp 18-21.

Peterson, D.  1998. Reader’s Questions - Souvenir of the Peace Jubilee / Washington D.C. May 23, 24, 25, 1899 Cancellation on 2-4/8c Baby Head Issue. IPPS Newsletter, vol 18 no. 3, pp 12-13.

Peterson, D. 1999. List of forgeries and their references of Spanish Philippines postal stamps. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 21 no. 1, pp 1-12.

Peterson, D. 1999. Updated list of Spanish Philippine Specimen (MUESTRA) Types. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 21 no. 2, pp 5-11.

Peterson, D. 1999. First and Second Printings of the 1890-1896 Postal Issues. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 21 no. 3, pp 9-15.

Peterson, D. 1999. Overseas Circular Rate. Philippine Philatelic Society Journal (England), vol 19, 1999 no. 1, p5.

Peterson, D. 2000. Revision: First and Second Printings of the 10c Pale Claret Postal Issue (Scott #164). Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 22 no. 2, pp 21.

Peterson, D. 2003. Revised Table XIII-1 on Postal Rates in Peterson and Lewis (2000). IPPS Newsletter, Volume XXIII, no 3, pp 12-13.

Peterson, D. 2004. Two new reprints discovered of the Spanish Philippines 1897 Surcharged Issue. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 26 no 3, pp 19-20.

Peterson, D. 2005. Unusual Printings and Other Odd Ball Variations of the 1890s Issues. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 27 no 1, pp 4-7.

Peterson, D. 2005. Essays and Proofs of the Spanish Philippines. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 27 no 2, pp 7-16.

Peterson, D. 2005. The Contributions of Warren A Browne to Philippine Philately. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 27 no 2, p 19.

Peterson, D. 2005. Circular and Newspaper Rates and Procedures of the Spanish Philippines, 1854-1898. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 27 no 4, pp 3-13.

Peterson, D. 2006. Earliest Reported Postmark for the 1897 Issues. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 28, no. 4, pp 18.

Peterson, D. 2007. Scott #144 – Sheet of Second Printing Quite Revealing. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 29, no. 2, pp 24-25.

Peterson, D. 2007. Scott #145 – A Nearly Full Sheet Discovered. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 29 no. 3, pp 29-30

Peterson, D. 2008. Does a 5-Centavos Violet Black ‘Babyhead’ Issue Exist? If So, Is It Rare?. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 30 no. 3, pp 24-28.

Peterson, D.  2008. Philatelic Souvenir Of the Peace Jubilee, Washington DC, May 23-25, 1899. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 30 no. 4, p 7.

Peterson, D. 2009. Scott #141 – The 1 Centavo Rose Stamp Was Issued in 1894. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 31 no. 3, p 15.

Peterson, D. 2010. The Confusing 20c ROSE and 20c SALMON 'Babyhead' Issues. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 32 no. 1, pp 7-9.

Peterson, D. 2011. Updated Postal Rates of the Spanish Philippines, 1879-1898. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 33 no. 2, pp 6-7.

Peterson, D. 2011. Perf 101 Perforations of the Spanish Philippine Period. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 33 no. 3, pp 22-24.

Peterson, D. 2011. Scott #147 – A Significant Departure in the “Normal” Sheet Configuration. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 33 no. 4, pp 12-13.

Peterson, D. 2012. Spanish Philippine Sheet Configurations, 1854-1898. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 34 no. 2, pp 25-29.

Peterson, D. 2014. Earliest Reported Postmark of 1897 Surcharged Issue - Update. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 36 no. 1, p 10.

Peterson, D. 2014. Two plating errors on Scott #P1 Sheet Margin Imprints. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 36 no 2, pp 37-37.

Peterson, D. 2014. Used blocks of the 1890-1896 Postal Issues: a Great Discovery or what? Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 36 no 3, p34.

Peterson, D. 2015. Philippine Imperforate Proofs, Examples of 1890-1897 Postal and Newspaper Stamps. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 37 no. 4, pp 10-11.

Peterson, D. 2016. Manila-Dagupan Railway Post Office Cancels During the Spanish Period. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 38 no. 2, p 38.

Peterson, D. 2017. Scott #172 and #173 Merged in 2017 Scott Catalogue. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 39 no. 1, pp 20-21.

Peterson, D. 2017. Extraordinary Gems 1890-1896 Issues Small Die Colour Proofs (illustration). Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 39 no. 4, p21.

Peterson, D. & Gooding, N. 2007. ‘Gutter Pairs of the 1890 – 1898 Issues’. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 29 no. 1, pp 19-20.

Sim, T. 2013. Foreruners of the Dagupan & Manila Railway Post Office (R.P.O). Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 35 no. 1, pp 24-29. 

Warren, A. 2003. Philippine Local Postage Stamps of 1898 Issued  by the Municipal Government of San Fenando. La Union Province. Philippine Philatelic Journal, vol 25 no. 3, pp 1-11.

Weber, F. 1963. Variety on 2m Newspaper Stamp. American Philatelist, vol 76, p 263.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Catalogues

Scott

Edifil

SG

Other Spanish

Other English

Articles

Journal papers